How to Shelter in Place
In some cases during an emergency response it is more dangerous to be outdoors then in. Like many other situations it is important to plan and practice your sheltering in place procedure. Use this practice to evaluate your Emergency Preparedness Kit and your Family Emergency Plan.
Step by Step
1. __ Immediately go indoors, close and lock windows and doors
2. __ Close air vents, fireplace dampers, fans, heating systems, air conditioning, clothes dryers or any system exchanging outside air 3. __ Take your 72 hour Emergency Preparedness Kit to an above ground interior room that has the fewest outside windows or exterior doors 4. __ Use plastic film, tape, towels and pillows to seal the room from outside air
5. __ Turn on radio or television or internet to received emergency updates from www.emergencyalert.alberta.ca or municipal webpages
6. __ Initiate your Family Emergency Plan and notify your family contact to advise of your location, persons you are with and the status of your health or well being
7. __ 911- Notify emergency responders of any injuries or life threatening situations that require immediate response. Whenever possible use a hardwired telephone
8. __ Remain indoors until directed otherwise by emergency personnel
Emergencies happen quickly and without warning and in many cases victims are required to survive the first 72 hours by themselves. If you are not prepared this may mean that you are without clean drinking water, toilet facilities, food or contact with members of your family. You can do a lot to mitigate the discomfort of these conditions by preparing in advance for this situation.
The first step is knowing the risks you are preparing for. It could be fire, flood, severe weather, chemical release or a combination of events. Find out what risks are in your area! Contact your local municipality and obtain a copy of the most recent Hazard Risk and Vulnerability Analysis! The most recent Regional HAVA is linked for your information.
Hazard Risk and Vulnerability Analysis
The second step is to make a plan, often called a Family Emergency Plan. Here are some helpful ideas for your plan: Emergency Exits, Meeting Places, Documents, Workplace Plan, Children's Care, Pets, Special Health Needs, Safe Home Preparation, Teaching Children Emergency Preparations, Working With Emergency Personnel.
The third step is to create an Emergency Kit. This kit will contain everything from toothbrushes to whistles to crank operated radios and flashlights. Each kit will be different as your kit can easily be tailored to contain whatever supplies you feel are necessary to support you, and your family, for at least 72 hours. Here are some things to consider for your kit: drinking water, dried food stocks, toilet paper, deodorant, flashlight, signalling devices, plastic bags for human waste and a first aid kit.
For excellent assistance in creating your plan and kit visit: http://www.aema.alberta.ca/ or https://www.getprepared.gc.ca/index-en.aspx
Many commercial companies, including the Canadian Red Cross, sell basic emergency kits either online or through their retail outlets.